Armenia, population 3 million, is located in Central Asia.

During its post-transition years, Armenia has been faced with many new challenges. The social and economic dislocations resulting from the transition process coupled with the effects of the 1988 earthquake and the repercussions of the Nagorno Karabakh conflict have greatly affected the social structure of Armenia. Unfortunately, the brunt of the problems has fallen on women, and women's status has suffered considerably. The International Organization for Migration has conservatively estimated that between 800,000 and one million people have migrated from Armenia since 1991, a substantial number in a country of less than four million individuals. According to the United Nations Development Programme, the vast majority of those that emigrate are men. This large-scale migration has, in turn, left many women without support or assistance in household responsibilities and childcare. These burdens are most acutely felt in rural areas where international and national efforts to assist women are not as plentiful and where the pressure for men and women to adopt stereotypical roles is especially great.

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