As part of the concept, the National Plan of Action to Improve the Status of Women and Enhance Their Role in the Society has been approved by the government of the Russian Federation. The first part of the plan covers the period from 1997 to 2000, and the second part from 2001 to 2005. In order to achieve its goals, the government has adopted the federal "Political Parties" act with provisions aimed at enhancing women's participation in political life. The new Labor Code of 2001, introduced additional protection against forced labor and discrimination in the field of labor and employment, and the ratification in March 2003, of ILO Convention No. 182 condemned the worst forms of child labor.
After the first parliamentary reading in 2003, the draft of the federal law on State Guarantees of Equal Rights and and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women of the Russian Federation was approved.
A new working group on combating domestic violence, trafficking of women, prostitution, and violent sexual assault was created in 2001 under the Ministry of Interior Affairs. The group’s goal is to joint effort with the federal executive forces and social organizations in solving these problems. Citizens who commit acts of domestic violence are identified and put added to a special record at the Interior Affairs office.
The Russian Federation Updated its Criminal Code to Enhance Protections against Trafficking in Persons. Effective December 13, 2003, the Russian criminal code prohibits trafficking and provides greater protection for victims. Offenders are imprisoned for up to five years; however, they can be imprisoned for up to fifteen years if any of a number of aggravating circumstances occurs.
The Russian Federation has submitted a response to the Questionnaire on the implementation of national action plans sent out by the UN Division for the Advancement of Women.
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