National Plan of Action

last updated July 2014    

Gender Equality

The Fourth Conference on Women held in Beijing in 1995 set out goals for the integration of women into all spheres of public and private life through the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.[1]  The Beijing Platform called on States parties to develop strategies or national action plans to implement the Platform’s far-reaching gender equality goals, including addressing violence against women.[2] 

In March 1999, the Moroccan government launched a “Plan d’action national pour l’integration de la femme au developpement” (PANIFD).[3]  This plan, translated into English as the National Plan of Action for Integrating Women in Development, was put forward as a national strategy to advance women’s rights in keeping with the Beijing Declaration.[4]  PANIFD sought to target women’s equality in all areas of society: economic development, political and legal rights, education and reproductive health.[5] Unfortunately the plan was abandoned after the government faced considerable pressure from opposition groups.[6]

In 2002, Morocco pursued a more limited plan of action and established a “national strategy to eliminate violence against women,” in partnership with various UN agencies.[7] Among other things, the strategy called for the “establishment of specialized medical units attached to temporary shelters providing support and counselling for victims/survivors of violence against women.”[8]

In March 2008, the State Secretariat of Social Development, Family and Solidarity announced plans to implement another national strategy to combat violence against women.[9] This strategy called for:

  • New victim-support centers to provide counseling and health services to women who have experienced domestic violence, sexual assault and sexual harassment;
  • A national database on cases involving violence against women to help the country better monitor the prevalence of gender-based violence;
  •  A pilot-program designed to rehabilitate and help men to control violent behavior caused by psychological problems; and
  • Drafting of legislation specifically prohibiting violence against women.[10]

In 2008, Morocco also participated in a joint program with UN Women and several other partners to combat gender-based violence.[11] The program, called “Tamkine” (empowerment in English), created a pilot “multifunctional centre” to provide women survivors of violence with a comprehensive suite of services addressing victims’ immediate needs (shelter, medical care, psychological support), as well as focusing on longer term empowerment and women’s integration into the workforce and society.[12]

As of June 2014, Morocco did not have a comprehensive national action plan to promote equality of women in all spheres of public and private life.


[1] The Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action: Fourth World Conference on Women: Beijing, China: 4-15 September 1995, DPI/1766/Wom.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Dr. Iman Ghazalla, “Sculpting the Rock of Women’s Rights: The Role of Women’s Organizations In Promoting the National Plan of Action To Integrate Women in Development in Morocco,” University of Minnesota, Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, Center on Women and Public Policy, 1 (2001), http://tulane.edu/newcomb/upload/sculpting_rock_women_rights.pdf.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Institute of Development Studies, “IDS Research Summary: Winning Women’s Rights in Morocco,” October 2008, http://www.drc-citizenship.org/system/assets/1052734554/original/1052734554-pittman.2008-winning.pdf?1289923560.

[7] UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Morocco, CEDAW/C/MAR/CO/4, par. 20, April 8, 2008.

[8] UN Women, “Report of the Expert Group Meeting, Good Practices In National Action Plans On Violence Against Women,” 47 (Trinidad and Tobago: September 13-15, 2010).

[9] Sarah Touahri, “Morocco seeks to criminalise violence against women,” Magharebia (April 1, 2008), http://magharebia.com/en_GB/articles/awi/features/2008/04/01/feature-01

[10] Ibid.

[11] Advancing Gender Equality: Promising Practices, Case studies from the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund, “Morocco: Multi-sectoral programme for the Fight Against Gender-based Violence,” UN Women (lead agency) (2012).

[12] Ibid.