Research and Reports
last updated March 22, 2006
Legislation in the Member States of the Council of Europe in the Field of Violence Against Women, prepared in part by Jill Radford, United Kingdom, for the Council of Europe's Steering Committee for Equality Between Men and Women, March 2004 (Doc. EG 2004 2).
This report details national legislation dealing with violence against women in 38 of the 45 Council of Europe member states. In 1995, the Council requested member states to complete a questionnaire on relevant legislation, and subsequent research completed by the Council allowed for a survey of the varying legislation of member states. The report consists of two volumes, ending with a list of good practices and effective legislation prohibiting violence against women. Pages 101-108 contain information about Estonia.
2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Estonia, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 28 February 2005.
Section 5 of the report contains a paragraph on the status of women in Estonia, and a subsection on trafficking.

Violence Against Women in Estonia, A Report to the Human Rights Committee. World Organisation Against Torture, 7 July 2004.  (PDF, 30 pages).
The report highlights the fact that despite differences of social, cultural and political contexts, patterns and frequency of violence against women span both national and socio-economic borders as well as cultural identities. The lack of appropriate legislation on violence against women, inequality in society’s gender roles, and government laxity on punishing perpetrators of violence are all factors contributing to the continuing and widespread occurrence of violence against women.

Annual Report on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in the European Union 2002, Commission of the European Communities, 2003. (PDF, 25 pages).
Chapter IV, titled Human Rights, provides information on European Union policy and programs for trafficking and domestic violence and directive requirements for Member States.

A Form of Slavery: Trafficking in Women in OSCE Member States, International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 19 June 2000. (PDF, 91 pages).  Information on Estonia is available on page 26.

Human Rights in the OSCE Region: Europe, Central Asia and North America, Report 2003 (Events of 2002), International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 24 June 2003. (PDF, 7 pages).
This report discusses the situation of general human rights in Estonia.

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking of Persons: Estonia, The Protection Project, March 2002.
This report describes the background and case examples of trafficking. The report also discusses domestic and international law on trafficking in Bulgaria.



Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective - Violence Against Women, Addendum 1, Radhika Coomaraswamy, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 27 Feb. 2003. (PDF, 435). 
This report has information regarding discrimination, rape, trafficking and domestic violence against women in Estonia. Information on Estonia can be found on page 357.

Monitoring the EU Accession Process: Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Estonia, Open Society Institute, 2002.  (PDF, 53 pages)  
This report examines Estonia's efforts to comply with E.U. Directives related to gender equality and concludes by making recommendations specific to each Directive.                               

Overview of the Socio-Economic Position of Rural Women in Selected Central and Eastern European Countries - Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, Food and Agriculture Organisation, 1996. 
This report examines the role of rural women on the farm and in the family, their participation in education, training, and services, their knowledge of home economics, their level of household technology, problems, priorities, social security and legal issues they face, and domestic research and development programs on rural women. Section 10.1 specifically addresses Estonia.

Prevention of Trafficking in Women in the Baltic States, International Organization for Migration, 2002. (PDF, 25 pages).
This report presents IOM's regional information campaign against trafficking in women. The purpose of the campaign was to increase awareness about trafficking in women in the Baltic States and prevent future trafficking from the region. The project targeted the general public, focusing on potential victims, as well as the relevant authorities and NGOs in the Baltic States.

Public Perception and Awareness of Trafficking of Women in the Baltic States, International Organization for Migration, 2002. (PDF, 39 pages).
This report compares the results of two public opinion surveys focusing on the problems of trafficking in women in the Baltic States. The surveys were carried out in 2001 and 2002 and address not only public attitudes and the level of awareness concerning trafficking in women, but also addressed related topics, like the perceived reasons for women's migration from the Baltics, and information sources used when searching for employment abroad. The second poll also included questions designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the IOM prevention campaign against trafficking in women that was carried out from 2001 to 2002.

Report of a WHO/Euro Mission to Estonia to Evaluate Estonia's HIV/AIDS Programme, 16-19 December 2002, Zaza Tsereteli, WHO, 18 February 2003.
This report presents findings on various aspects of HIV/AIDS, including that of sex work. The report also makes recommendations based on the findings.



Situation with Prostitution and Trafficking of Women and Girls in Estonia, Juri Kalikov, Head of AIDS Information and Support Center in Tallinn, Estonia.  This report provides detailed information on trafficking and prostitution in Estonia, with special sections on law and policy and social assistance.

Violence Against Women in Estonia, Ivi Proos and Iris Pettai, Estonian Open Society Institute, 2001.
This report provides a summary of research on violence against women conducted by the Estonian Open Society

Women 2000 - An Investigation into the Status of Women's Rights in Central and South-Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States, International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 5 November 2000. (PDF, 19 pages).
This is a resource that provides information on domestic violence, sexual exploitation of women, and sexual abuse in Estonia. Pages 15-17 address violence against women.     

2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Estonia, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 25 February 2004.
This report has a section on the status of women as well as trafficking in Estonia.  

If you know of online reports on human rights or women's rights that you would like to see posted on this page, please contact the Website Administrator at Please provide the title, authors' names, and URL of the online report. Submission of an online report does not guarantee posting on this website, and posting is at the discretion of the Website Administrator.