Some national laws, e.g. Article 22 of Romania's Ordinance 137/2000 (as amended by Ordinance 48/2002) and Article 99 of Bulgaria's Prevention of Discrimination Law, provide non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with locus standi or standing to bring lawsuits on behalf of victims of sex discrimination, including victims of sexual harassment. In the case of Bulgaria, NGOs have standing to bring lawsuits only when group rights are affected by discrimination. In Romania, NGOs have standing to bring lawsuits on behalf of groups and, with their permission, on behalf of individual victims.
In the 2002 amendment of the Equal Treatment Directive, the European Union Council and Parliament endorsed this possibility for victims of sex discrimination in EU Member States, including victims of sexual harassment. The directive requires EU Member States to allow interested third parties to engage, "either on behalf of or in support of [discrimination] complainants, with his or her approval, in any judicial and/or administrative procedure provided for the enforcement of obligations under [the] Directive." This directive is part of the EU law and policy with which the countries that will be acceding to the EU in the next few years must comply. From Directive (2002/73/EC) amending Council Directive 76/207/EEC on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion, and working conditions (Article 6(3) of the Directive 76/207/EEC as amended).
The Advocates for Human Rights Site Map About the Site
330 Second Avenue South, Suite 800, Minneapolis, MN 55401 USA Phone: (612) 341-3302 Fax: (612) 341-2971 Email: email@example.com
Although Stop Violence Against Women endeavors to provide useful and accurate information, Stop Violence Against Women does not warrant the accuracy of the materials provided. Accordingly, this Web Site and its information are provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular use or purpose, or non-infringement. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may not apply to you. We reserve the right to make improvements and/or changes in the format and/or content of the information contained on the Web Site without notice.This information is provided with the understanding that Stop Violence Against Women and its partners are not engaged in rendering legal or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.
Copyright © 2010 The Advocates for Human Rights. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to use this material for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution to The Advocates for Human Rights.