Anti-Corruption Legislation
last updated September 1, 2005

Trafficking is greatly facilitated in many countries by corrupt government officials.  In some cases, individual government agents, such as border guards, police officers or court officials, participate in or benefit directly from trafficking.  Government corruption may take the form of receiving bribes from traffickers or profits from the trafficking industry, cooperation with traffickers or refusing to provide trafficking victims with assistance.  An effective anti-trafficking policy at the domestic level must include laws under which to prosecute corrupt officials and mechanisms by which corruption can be investigated.  For example, the creation of internal affairs departments within the government structure is an example of a policy change.  The prosecution of members of the government who are found to have been complicit in trafficking, either under existing criminal laws or specific trafficking laws, is also vital in prevent trafficking.