Last updated May 2010


Bibliography for Drafting Legislation on Sexual Assault


African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Peoples’ Rights on the rights of Women in Africa (the Maputo Protocol), 2003.


Amnesty USA, Maze of Injustice: The Failure to Protect Indigenous Women from Sexual Violence in the USA, 2007.


Anderson, Janet, Research and Advocacy Digest, “Intimate Partner Sexual Violence,” 2007.


Antigua and Barbuda, Sexual Offences Act No. 9 (1995), 1995.


ASEAN, Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the ASEAN Region, 2004.


AusAID (Australia), Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East Timor: A Review of International Lessons, 2007.


Australia (New South Wales), Crimes Act 1900.


Australia (Northern Territory), Criminal Code Act, 2009.


Australia (Victoria), Crimes Act 1958, 2010.


Australia (Western Australia), Criminal Code Act Compilation Act 1913.


Austria, Amendment to the Criminal Procedure Code, 2006.


Barbados, Sexual Offences Act, 1992.


Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2003.


CADA, last acc. 2/15/10.


Canada, Criminal Code, (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46)


Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS (2009).


Cleveland Police, United Kingdom, Cleveland’s Success in Rape Convictions, 10/06/2009.


Coalition for the Campaign “Africa for Women’s Rights: Ratify and Respect!” and Fédération Internationale des ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), Africa for Women’s Rights: Ratify and Respect! Dossier of Claims (2010).


Conference of American States, American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man, 1948.


Costa Rica, Criminalization of Violence against Women Law (2007).


Council of Europe General Recommendation (2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of women against violence adopted on 30 April 2002 and Explanatory Memorandum.


Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Resolution 1691 (2009).


Crime and Justice Research Centre, Responding to Sexual Violence: Attrition in the New Zealand Criminal Justice System
Ministry of Women’s Affairs
, 2009.


Cybulska, Beata, “Sexual Assault: Key Issues,” 2007.

Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (UK).


De Cicco, Gabriela, “Mexico-Ciudad Juarez - Disappearances & Murders of Mexican Women Finally Steps Towards Justice - Inter-American Human Rights Court Judgment,” AWID, 12 December 2009


Du Mont, Janice, and White, Deborah, The Uses and Impacts of Medico-Legal Evidence in Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review, Sexual Violence Research Institute (2007). (PDF, 87 pages).


Ellingwood, Ken, “Court cites rights failure by Mexico in Juarez killings of womenThe Los Angeles Times; (11 December 2009),0,7865590.story


Ellison, Louise, and Munro, Vanessa E., Turning Mirrors Into Windows? Assessing the Impact of (Mock) Juror Education in Rape Trials, 49 Brit. J. Criminology (2009).


European Policy Action Centre on Violence against Women, "Council of Europe Takes a Strong Position on Rape, Including Marital Rape," (22 January 2010).


Goldfarb, Sally F., United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, The Legal Response to Violence against Women in the United States of America: Recent Reforms and Continuing Challenges, 2008.


Guanzon, Rowena V., United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, Laws on Violence against Women in the Philippines, 2008.


Guatemala, Law against Femicide and Other Forms of Violence against Women, 2008.


Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Now, The World is Without Me”: An Investigation of Sexual Violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (2010).


Horváth, Enikö, Zukani, Monwabisi, Eppel, Desmond, Kays, Monica, Konare, Abdoul, Park, Yeora S., Pischalnikova, Ekaterina Y., Stankard, Nathaniel, and Zingher, Tally, in collaboration with Barad, Elizabeth and Slattery, Elisa, Gender-Based Violence Laws in Sub-Saharan Africa (2007), prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar as part of a pro bono project coordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Centre for International Justice.


Human Rights Watch, Testing Justice: The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (2009).


Inter-American Court of Justice, Caso González y Otras (“Campo Algodonero”) v. Mexico (2009).


International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy (Canada), Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Resource Manual, (1999).


International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Prosecutor v. Akayesu (1998).


International Organization for Migration, "IOM Provides Technical Assistance to Reparations Programme for Victims of Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone" (23 March 2010).


Ireland, Criminal Law (Rape) (Amendment) Act, (1990).


Italy, Law No. 38/2009 on Urgent Measures Regarding Sexual Violence, 2009.


Johnson, Funmi, United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, The Struggle for Justice: The State’s Response to Violence Against Women, 2008.


Kazakhstan, The Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1997.


Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, Developing a Sexual Assault Response Team, 2002.


Kenya, National Guidelines Medical Management of Rape/Sexual Violence, 2004.


Kenya, Sexual Offences Act (No.3) (2006).


Lesotho, Sexual Offences Act, 2003.


Liberia, Act to Amend the Penal Code (2005) of Liberia, 2005.,,,LEGISLATION,LBR,456d621e2,44868e674,0.html


Littel, Kristen, Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Programs: Improving the Community Response to Sexual Assault Victims (2001).


Malkin, Elizabeth, “Mexico: Rebuke on Investigation of MurdersThe New York Times (10 December 2009).


Mexico, Law on Access of Women to a Life Free of Violence, (2007).


Montenegro, Law on Criminal Procedure, 2004.


Moser, Annalise, Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts