Bibliography

last updated May 2010

In partnership with UN Women, The Advocates for Human Rights created the following sections for UN Women’s Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence against Women and Girls. This section, along with sections addressing other forms of violence against women and girls, may be found under Legislation at www.endvawnow.org.

Bibliography for Drafting Legislation on Sexual Assault

African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Peoples’ Rights on the rights of Women in Africa (the Maputo Protocol), 2003.

http://www.achpr.org/english/_info/women_en.html

Amnesty USA, Maze of Injustice: The Failure to Protect Indigenous Women from Sexual Violence in the USA, 2007. http://www.amnestyusa.org/women/maze/report.pdf

Anderson, Janet, Research and Advocacy Digest, “Intimate Partner Sexual Violence,” 2007. http://www.wcsap.org/advocacy/PDF/9_2IntimatePartnerSexualViolence.pdf

Antigua and Barbuda, Sexual Offences Act No. 9 (1995), 1995.

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Antigua%20and%20Barbuda%20-%20Sexual%20Offences%20Act%201995.pdf

ASEAN, Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the ASEAN Region, 2004. http://www.aseansec.org/16189.

AusAID (Australia), Violence Against Women in Melanesia and East Timor: A Review of International Lessons, 2007.

http://www.ode.ausaid.gov.au/publications/pdf/VAW_review.pdf

Australia (New South Wales), Crimes Act 1900. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/ca190082.txt/cgi-bin/download.cgi/download/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/ca190082.txt

Australia (Northern Territory), Criminal Code Act, 2009. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/consol_act/cca115.txt/cgi-bin/download.cgi/download/au/legis/nt/consol_act/cca115.txt

Australia (Victoria), Crimes Act 1958, 2010. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/ca195882/

Australia (Western Australia), Criminal Code Act Compilation Act 1913. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/wa/consol_act/ccaca1913252.txt/cgi-bin/download.cgi/download/au/legis/wa/consol_act/ccaca1913252.txt

Austria, Amendment to the Criminal Procedure Code, 2006. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/searchDetail.action?measureId=8662

Barbados, Sexual Offences Act, 1992. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Barbados%20-%20Sexual%20Offences%20Act%202002.pdf

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2003. http://www.ohr.int/ohr-dept/legal/oth-legist/doc/fbih-criminal-code-new.doc

CADA, last acc. 2/15/10. http://www.inspire-hope.org/safety-planning/

Canada, Criminal Code, (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46) http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/rsc-1985-c-c-46/latest/rsc-1985-c-c-46.html

Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS (2009).

http://www.aidslaw.ca/EN/womensrights/english.htm

Cleveland Police, United Kingdom, Cleveland’s Success in Rape Convictions, 10/06/2009. http://www.cleveland.police.uk/news/releases/release3624.aspx

Coalition for the Campaign “Africa for Women’s Rights: Ratify and Respect!” and Fédération Internationale des ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), Africa for Women’s Rights: Ratify and Respect! Dossier of Claims (2010).

http://www.africa4womensrights.org/public/press_statements/DPfemmesAfriqueENGLD.pdf

Conference of American States, American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man, 1948.

http://www.escr-net.org/resources_more/resources_more_show.htm?doc_id=425903&parent_id=425906

Costa Rica, Criminalization of Violence against Women Law (2007). http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Costa%20Rica%20-%20Ley%20Penalizacion%20de%20violencia%20contra%20mujer.pdf

Council of Europe General Recommendation (2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of women against violence adopted on 30 April 2002 and Explanatory Memorandum.

http://www.humanrights.coe.int/equality/Eng/WordDocs/2002r5%20Violence%20recommendation%20English.doc

Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Resolution 1691 (2009). http://assembly.coe.int/Main.asp?link=/Documents/AdoptedText/ta09/ERES1691.htm

Crime and Justice Research Centre, Responding to Sexual Violence: Attrition in the New Zealand Criminal Justice System
Ministry of Women’s Affairs
, 2009. http://www.mwa.govt.nz/news-and-pubs/publications/attrition-pdf

Cybulska, Beata, “Sexual Assault: Key Issues,” 2007. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (UK). http://www.rsm.ac.uk/media/downloads/j07-07sexualassualt.pdf

De Cicco, Gabriela, “Mexico-Ciudad Juarez - Disappearances & Murders of Mexican Women Finally Steps Towards Justice - Inter-American Human Rights Court Judgment,” AWID, 12 December 2009

 

Du Mont, Janice, and White, Deborah, The Uses and Impacts of Medico-Legal Evidence in Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review, Sexual Violence Research Institute (2007). (PDF, 87 pages). http://www.svri.org/medico.pdf

Ellingwood, Ken, “Court cites rights failure by Mexico in Juarez killings of womenThe Los Angeles Times; (11 December 2009)

http://www.latimes.com/news/nation-and-world/la-fg-mexico-ruling11-2009dec11,0,7865590.story

Ellison, Louise, and Munro, Vanessa E., Turning Mirrors Into Windows? Assessing the Impact of (Mock) Juror Education in Rape Trials, 49 Brit. J. Criminology (2009).

European Policy Action Centre on Violence against Women, "Council of Europe Takes a Strong Position on Rape, Including Marital Rape," (22 January 2010).

http://www.epacvaw.org/spip.php?page=article&id_article=483

Goldfarb, Sally F., United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, The Legal Response to Violence against Women in the United States of America: Recent Reforms and Continuing Challenges, 2008.

http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2008/expertpapers/EGMGPLVAW%20Paper%20(Sally%20Goldfarb).pdf

Guanzon, Rowena V., United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, Laws on Violence against Women in the Philippines, 2008.

http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2008/expertpapers/EGMGPLVAW%20Paper%20(Rowena%20Guanzon).pdf

Guatemala, Law against Femicide and Other Forms of Violence against Women, 2008. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/searchDetail.action?measureId=10303&baseHREF=country&baseHREFId=577

Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Now, The World is Without Me”: An Investigation of Sexual Violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (2010). http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/DRC-sexual-violence-2010-04.pdf

Horváth, Enikö, Zukani, Monwabisi, Eppel, Desmond, Kays, Monica, Konare, Abdoul, Park, Yeora S., Pischalnikova, Ekaterina Y., Stankard, Nathaniel, and Zingher, Tally, in collaboration with Barad, Elizabeth and Slattery, Elisa, Gender-Based Violence Laws in Sub-Saharan Africa (2007), prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar as part of a pro bono project coordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Centre for International Justice. http://www.nycbar.org/pdf/report/GBVReportFinal2.pdf

Human Rights Watch, Testing Justice: The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County (2009). http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/03/31/testing-justice-0

Inter-American Court of Justice, Caso González y Otras (“Campo Algodonero”) v. Mexico (2009). http://www.corteidh.or.cr/casos.cfm?idCaso=327

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy (Canada), Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Resource Manual, (1999).

http://www.icclr.law.ubc.ca/Publications/Reports/VAWMANUA.PDF

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Prosecutor v. Akayesu (1998). http://www.ictr.org/ENGLISH/cases/Akayesu/judgement/akay001.htm

International Organization for Migration, "IOM Provides Technical Assistance to Reparations Programme for Victims of Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone" (23 March 2010).

http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/media.press-briefing-notes/pbnAF/cache/offonce?entryId=27138

Ireland, Criminal Law (Rape) (Amendment) Act, (1990). http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Ireland%20-%20Criminal%20Law%20(Rape)%20(Amendment)%20Act.pdf

Italy, Law No. 38/2009 on Urgent Measures Regarding Sexual Violence, 2009. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Italy%20-%20Law%2038-2009%20sexual%20violence.pdf

Johnson, Funmi, United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, The Struggle for Justice: The State’s Response to Violence Against Women, 2008.

http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2008/expertpapers/EGMGPLVAW%20Paper%20(Funmi%20Johnson).pdf

Kazakhstan, The Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1997. http://www.legislationline.org/download/action/download/id/1681/file/ca1cfb8a67f8a1c2ffe8de6554a3.htm/preview

Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, Developing a Sexual Assault Response Team, 2002. http://kyasap.brinkster.net/Portals/0/pdfs/SANE-COMMUNITYRESOURCE.pdf

Kenya, National Guidelines Medical Management of Rape/Sexual Violence, 2004. http://www.drh.go.ke/documents/Guidelines_gender.pdf

Kenya, Sexual Offences Act (No.3) (2006). http://www.kenyalaw.org/family/statutes/download.php?file=Sexual%20Offences%20Act.pdf

Lesotho, Sexual Offences Act, 2003. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Lesotho%20-%20Sexual%20Violence%20Act%202003.pdf

Liberia, Act to Amend the Penal Code (2005) of Liberia, 2005. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,LEGISLATION,LBR,456d621e2,44868e674,0.html

Littel, Kristen, Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Programs: Improving the Community Response to Sexual Assault Victims (2001). http://new.vawnet.org/Assoc_Files_VAWnet/OVC_SANE0401-186366.pdf

Malkin, Elizabeth, “Mexico: Rebuke on Investigation of MurdersThe New York Times (10 December 2009). http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/11/world/americas/11briefs-MexBrf.html?_r=1

Mexico, Law on Access of Women to a Life Free of Violence, (2007).

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Mexico%20-%20Ley%20General%20de%20Acceso%20de%20las%20Mujeres%20a%20una%20Vida%20Libre%20de%20Violencia%20(2007).pdf

Montenegro, Law on Criminal Procedure, 2004. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/searchDetail.action?measureId=2516

Moser, Annalise, Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts: A Review of Community-Based Approaches (2007), UNIFEM.

Namibia, Combating of Rape Act, No. 8, 2000. http://www.lac.org.na/laws/pdf/comrape.pdf

National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women (2001) United States, The Toolkit to End Violence Against Women.

http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=206041

National Prosecuting Authority of South Africa, Uniform Protocol for the Management of Victims, Survivors and Witnesses of Domestic Violence and Sexual Offences, 2004.

http://www.npa.gov.za/UploadedFiles/UPVM%20document.pdf

Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Best Practice Manual for the Investigation and Prosecution of Sexual Violence Crimes in Situations of Armed Conflict: Lessons from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (2008). http://www.ictr.org/ENGLISH/international_cooperation/papers_presented/Best-Practices-Manual-Sexual-Violence.pdf

Organization of American States, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women, 1994.

http://www.oas.org/cim/english/convention%20violence%20against%20women.htm

Papua New Guinea, Criminal Code (1974) of Papua New Guinea, 1974. http://www.paclii.org/pg/legis/consol_act/cca1974115/

Persephone, Violence against Women with a Disability, (2002, updated 2008).

http://www.epacvaw.org/IMG/pdf/Persephone_-_VAW_with_disability.pdf

Philippines, Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act, 1998.

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Philipppines%20-%20rape%20victim%20assistance%20act%201998.pdf

Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, last acc. 2/15/10. http://www.rainn.org/get-information/sexual-assault-prevention/safety-plan

safehorizon, last acc. 2/15/10. http://www.safehorizon.org/page.php?nav=sb&page=safetyplan

San Marino, Prevention and Elimination of Violence against Women and Gender Violence, 2008.

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/San%20Marino%20-%20Law%20on%20the%20Prevention%20and%20Elimination%20of%20violence%20against%20women%20and%20gender%20violence.pdf

South Africa, Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act (No. 32), 2007.

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/South%20Africa%20-%20Criminal%20Law%20(Sexual%20Offences%20and%20Related%20Matters)%20Amendment%20Act%20(2007).pdf

Spain, Organic Act on Integrated Protection Measures against Gender Violence (2004) of Spain, 2004.

http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Spain%20-%20Organic%20Act%20on%20Integrated%20Measures%20against%20Gender-Based%20Violence%20(2004)%20(eng).pdf

Stefiszyn, Karen, United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, A Brief Overview of Recent Developments in Sexual Offences Legislation in Southern Africa, 2008.

http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2008/expertpapers/EGMGPLVAW%20Paper%20(Karen%20Stefiszyn).pdf

Tanzania, Sexual Offences Special Provision Act, 1998. http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/Tanzania%20-%20Sexual%20Offences%20Special%20Provisions%20Act%201998.pdf

The Advocates for Human Rights, StopVAW, http://www.stopvaw.org/, retrieved 2010.

Turkey, Law on Sexual Offences against Children, 2006. http://www.interpol.int/Public/Children/SexualAbuse/NationalLaws/CsaTurkey.pdf

Turkey, Criminal Code (2004). \NewtermservcompanyMAHR ProgramsWomensUNIFEM Knowlege Asset 2009Country LawsTurkeyCriminal Code.htm

United Kingdom, Criminal Injuries Compensation Act, 1995. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/ACTS/acts1995/ukpga_19950053_en_1

United Kingdom, Sentencing Guidelines on Sexual Offences, 2003. http://www.sentencing-guidelines.gov.uk/docs/0000_SexualOffencesAct1.pdf

United Kingdom, Sexual Offences Act (2003). http://sgdatabase.unwomen.org/uploads/United%20Kingdom%20-%20Sexual%20Offences%20Act%20(2003).pdf

United Nations Economic and Social Council, ECOSOC Resolution 2005/20 Guidelines on Justice in Matters Involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime, 2005.

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United Nations, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984). http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/h2catoc.htm

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United Nations, Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 1993. http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/(symbol)/a.res.48.104.en

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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and Division for the Advancement of Women, Handbook for legislation on violence against women, 2009. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/vaw/handbook/Handbook%20for%20legislation%20on%20violence%20against%20women.pdf

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United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Good practices in legislation on “harmful practices” against women, (2010). http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2009/Report%20EGM%20harmful%20practices.pdf

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United States (Minnesota), Criminal Procedure Code, § 629.715, 2009. https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=629.715

United States (New Jersey), New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice, 2010. http://law.justia.com/newjersey/codes/1600/1600.html

United States (Pennsylvania), Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Crimes and Offences, 2010. http://www.students.haverford.edu/masar/documents/PARapeLaws.pdf

United States (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania House Bill No. 2255, 2010 Session.

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United States, Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005.

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