Research and Reports on Harmful Practices

last updated June 2010

Access resources to learn about and help combat harmful practices around the world, including tools for advocacy and legal reform as well as articles, studies, reports and statistics on harmful practices that discriminate against and disadvantage women.
 
Advocacy Tools
 
Background Paper for the Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation to Address Harmful Practices Against Women, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2009. 
 
 
 
Coker-Appiah, Dorcas, The CEDAW Convention and Harmful Practices Against Women: The Work of the CEDAW Committee, 2009.
 
Confidentiality and Support, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
Crisis Centers and Hotlines, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
Creating a Health Care Response, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
Documentation and Reporting, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
Fact Sheet No. 23, Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children,United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, No. 23, August 1995.
 
 
Good Practices in Legislation on “Harmful Practices” Against Women-Report of the Expert Group Meeting, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, 26 to 29 May 2009. 
 
Good Practices in Legislation to Address Violence Against Women, Report of the Expert Group Meeting, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, 26-28 May 2008. 
 
Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for the Advancement of Women, 2009. 
 
 
 
 
Kouyaté, Morissanda, Harmful Traditional Practices Against Women And Legislation, Expert Paper, 2009.
 
Multi-agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage, United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office, June 2009.
 
Plan of Action for the Elimination of Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1994/10/Add.1, United Nations Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 46th Session, 22 July 1994.
 
Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (RDNT) Act & Rules, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of India, drafted 1994, enacted 1996, amended 2002 & 2003.
 
 
Resolution 1681 (2009)- Urgent need to combat so-called “honour crimes”, Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, 26 June 2009.
 
Resolution 1327 (2003) on So-called “honour crimes”, Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, 4 April 2003 (16th Sitting). 
 
Screening and Referral, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.
 
 
Shelters and Safe Houses, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.

 

 
StopVAW, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights.
 
Stormorken, Lalaine Sadiwa, Vincent, Katrine, Vervik, Ann-Kristin, & Santisteban, Ruth. No More Excuses! Ending all Harmful Traditional Practices against Girls and Young Women, Plan Norway and Plan Finland, 2007. 
 
 
The UN Secretary-General’s database on violence against women, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, retrieved 2009.
 

Bibliography
 
African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Banjul Charter), Organization of African Unity, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982), entered into force 21 October 1986. 
 
African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (African Charter), Organization of African Unity, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/24.9/49 (1990), entered into force 29 November, 1999. 
 
 
Background Paper for the Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation to Address Harmful Practices Against Women, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2009. 
 
 
 
 
 
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, Division for the Advancement of Women, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, September 1995.
 
 
CAMBODIA: Strict penalties planned for acid attacks, IRIN News, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 28 April 2010. 
 
 
 
 
Children’s Protection Act, Section 26B, South Australia, 1993. 
 
Coker-Appiah, Dorcas, The CEDAW Convention and Harmful Practices Against Women: The Work of the CEDAW Committee, 2009.
 
Commission on the Status of Women Report on the 42nd Session, United Nations Economic and Social Council, 2-13 March 1998, E/CN.6/1998/12 - E/1998/27.
 
Commission on the Status of Women Report on the 51st Session, United Nations Economic and Social Council, 26 February-9 March 2007, E/2007/27 E/CN.6/2007/9.
 
Committee on the Rights of the Child-General Comment No.5, United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child, 27 November 2003. 
 
 
Concluding Observations on Nepal’s periodic report, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, CEDAW A/54/38/Rev.1, 1999. 
 
Confidentiality and Support, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
Considerations for Asylum Officers Adjudicating Asylum Claims from Women, Memorandum to All INS Officers/HQASM Coordinators from Phyllis Coven, Office of International Affairs, May 26, 1995. 
 
Constitution of Burkina Faso, adopted 2 June 1991. 
 
 
Constitution of the Republic of Benin, adopted 2 December 1990. 
 
 
Constitution of India, adopted 1 December 2007.
 
Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, adopted 22 September 1995. 
 
 
Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, United Nations General Assembly, 18 December 1979. 
 
Convention on the Rights of a Child, United Nations General Assembly, Resolution 44/25, 20 November 1989. 
 
Coordinated Crisis Intervention, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2009.
 
Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Resolution 1681 (2009)- Urgent need to combat so-called “honour crimes”, 26 June 2009.
 
Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Resolution 1327 (2003) on So-called “honour crimes”, 4 April 2003 (16th Sitting).
 
 
Creating a Health Care Response, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.
 
Crisis Centers and Hotlines, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.
 
Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 40/34, 29 November 1985. 
 
Declaration on Elimination of Violence Against Women, United Nations General Assembly, A/Res/48/104, 20 Dec. 1993.
 
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the ASEAN Region, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, 30 June 2004. 
 
 
Documentation and Reporting, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
National Action Plan, Ethiopia. 
 
 
 
 
Facets of Violence against Women, Gender Justice and Protection Project, United Nations Development Programme, Pakistan, 2009.
 
Fact Sheet No. 23, Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, No. 23, August 1995. 
 
Facts & Figures on VAW, UNIFEM, November 2007.
 
Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003, Sec. 3 and 4, United Kingdom, 30 October 2003.
 
Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Act 2007 -Relevant Third Party, Response by the Newham Asian Women’s Project, April 2008. 
 
 
General Comment No. 3:  HIV/AIDS and the Rights of the Child, United Nations Convention of the Rights of a Child, CRC/GC/2003/3, 17 March 2003.
 
General Comment No. 4: Adolescent health and development in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, United Nations Convention of the Rights of a Child, CRC/GC/2003/4, 1 July 2003.
 
General Comment No. 7: Implementing child rights in early childhood, United Nations Convention of the Rights of a Child, CRC/C/GC/7/Rev.1, 20 September 2006.
 
General Comment No. 14: The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health (Art. 12 of the (Covenant), United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), E/C.12/2000/4, 11 August 2000. 
 
General Comment 28-Equality of rights between men and women, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.10, 29 March 2000.
 
General Recommendation No. 19, made by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 11th Session, 1992. 
 
Good Practices in Legislation on “Harmful Practices” Against Women-Report of the Expert Group Meeting,United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, 26 to 29 May 2009.
 
Good Practices in Legislation to Address Violence Against Women, Report of the Expert Group Meeting, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, 26-28 May 2008.
 
Guideline 4: Women Refugee Claimants Fearing Gender-Related Persecution, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa, Canada, 13 November 1996.
 
 
Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for the Advancement of Women, 2009. 
 
 
 
Hossain, Sara and Turner, Suzanne. Abduction for Forced Marriages, Rights and Remedies in Bangladesh and Pakistan, International Family Law, April 2001.
 
Human Rights Council Panel discussion on female foeticide and girl infanticide, Child Rights Information Network, News Release, 20/3/2007. 
 
Human Rights Reports: Jordan, United States Department of State, 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 25 February 2009. 
 
 
Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women, Organization of American States, 24th Regular Session of the General Assembly of the OAS, 6 August 1994. 
 
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, United Nations General Assembly, adopted 16 December 1966, went into effect 1976. 
 
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Nations General Assembly, adopted 16 December 1966, went into effect 1976. 
 
International Legal Framework, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria da Penha Law (2006) of Brazil, Retrains domestic and family violence against Women, Special Secretariat for Women’s Policies, Presidency of the Republic of Brazil, Law no 11.340, 7 August 2006.
 
 
Multi-agency Practice Guidelines: Handling Cases of Forced Marriage, United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office, June 2009.
 
National Plan of Action for Children 2005, India, Department of Women and Child Development, 2005.
 
 
 
 
Other Causes and Complicating Factors, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.
 
Pakistan: Insufficient Protection of Women, Amnesty International, ASA 33/006/2002, 16 April 2002. 
 
Pervizat, Leyla, Tackling Honour in the Aftermath with a Good Practice, Expert Paper from the Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation to Address Harmful Practices Against Women, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, 11 May 2009, EGM/GPLHP/2009/EP.02. 
 
Plan of Action for the Elimination of Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1994/10/Add.1, United Nations Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, Sub-Commission on Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 46th Session, 22 July 1994.
 
Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (RDNT) Act & Rules, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of India, drafted 1994, enacted 1996, amended 2002 & 2003. 
 
 
Prosecutor vs. Brima, Kamara and Kanu (AFRC Case), Special Court for Sierra Leone, 22 February 2008.
 
Rahman, Anika and Toubia, Nahid. Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide. Zed Books, New York, 2000. (print)
 
Report of the Secretary-General – Traditional or Customary practices affecting the health of women, United Nations General Assembly, Fifty-third Session, A/53/354, 10 September 1998.
 
 
 
Resolution on the Intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women, United Nations General Assembly, 63/155, 30 January 2009. 
 
 
Resolution on the Moratorium on the use of the death penalty, United Nations General Assembly, 63/168. 13 February 2009.
 
Resolution on the Universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination, United Nations General Assembly, 62/144, 28 February 2008. 
 
 
Resolution on Traditional or Customary Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Girls, United Nations General Assembly, Report of the Third Committee A/54/133, 7 February 2000.
 
Resolution on Traditional or Customary Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Girls, United Nations General Assembly, Report of the Third Committee, A/56/128, 30 January 2002.
 
Role of Health Care Providers, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006.
 
Sa'ah, Randy Joe, Cameroon Girls Battle “Breast Ironing,” BBC News, 23 June 2006.
 
Screening and Referral, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 

 

Shelters and Safe Houses, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights, February 2006. 
 
 
 
 
StopVAW, Stop Violence Against Women, The Advocates for Human Rights.
 
Stormorken, Lalaine Sadiwa, Vincent, Katrine, Vervik, Ann-Kristin, & Santisteban, Ruth. No More Excuses! Ending all Harmful Traditional Practices against Girls and Young Women, Plan Norway and Plan Finland, 2007.
 
The Sexual Offences Act 2006, Kenya, No. 52 ( Acts No. 3), 21 July 2006. 

Toolkit to End Violence Against Women, National Advisory Council on VAW and the Violence Against Women Office; Toolkit to End Violence Against Women; Toolkit: Responding to Gender-based Violence: A Focus on Policy Change, USAID, 2006

 
 
The UN Secretary-General’s database on violence against women, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, retrieved 2009. 
 
 
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, United Nations General Assembly, 10 December 1948. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Violence Against Women Working Group, Women’s National Commission, United Kingdom.
 
Women’s National Commission, United Kingdom.