Legislation should name a state body as responsible for implementing the domestic violence law and a separate state body as responsible for monitoring the domestic violence law. For specific recommendations, see UN Handbook 3.3; Implementation of Legislation on Violence Against Women and Girls and Monitoring of Legislation on Violence against Women and Girls in the Legislation Module at www.endvawnow.org.
Legislation should state that the state body or bodies responsible for implementing the law must work in collaboration with NGOs that provide direct service to domestic violence victims, police, prosecutors, judges, the health sector, and the education sector, to develop regulations, protocols, guidelines, instructions, directives, and standards, including standardized forms, so that the legislation may be implemented in a comprehensive and timely manner. UN Handbook 3.2.7
Legislation should require regular training for police, judicial officials and service providers who implement the law. See: UN Handbook 3.2.3; and UN Model Framework VII C, D, and E. The draft updated Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice calls for trainings on relevant laws and programmes, identifying and responding to the specific needs of women victims, avoiding secondary victimization, conducting safety assessments, and the use and enforcement of protection orders. See: Report of the Intergovernmental Expert Group Meeting to review and update the Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (2009). For example, see: law of India:
Legislation should require creation of a national plan or strategy on domestic violence UN Handbook 3.2.1. See: The UN Secretary-General’s database on violence against women for the National Action Plans of many countries.
Legislation should require data collection on domestic violence reports which is disaggregated by sex, gender, race, age, ethnicity and other relevant characteristics. UN Handbook 3.3.2.
Legislation should require data collection on specific aspects relating to the implementation of the new law, such as: number of orders for protection granted, denied, cancelled, appealed, etc. These should be kept and made available publicly. In addition, qualitative data about the effectiveness of orders for protection should be gathered on a regular basis from police, courts, relevant government ministries, counseling centers and shelters, and from complainant/survivors. Legislation should require that this data be compiled by the relevant government ministry and published on an annual basis. See UN Handbook 3.3.2; Monitoring Laws on Violence Against Women and Girls in the Legislation Module at www.endvawnow.org;
Legislation should require public awareness programs on domestic violence. See: law of Spain; law of India, Ch. III, para. 11; UN Handbook 3.5.2; and Council of Europe General Recommendation (2002)5, Appendix, paras. 6-13.
Legislation should require education on domestic violence for all grade levels which includes information on relevant laws. See: Council of Europe General Recommendation (2002)5, Appendix, 14-16; UN Handbook 3.5.3; and the law of Spain, which includes detailed provisions for inclusion of information on gender violence at all levels of its educational curricula, including training of teachers. Article 4, Article 7.
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