Moldova, population 4 million, is located in Eastern Europe.
In 2005, the Government of the Republic of Moldova, with the assistance of United Nations agencies in Moldova, produced the First National Report: Millennium Development Goals in the Republic of Moldova. The report stipulates that the Millenium Development Goal (MDG) regarding the promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women should be achieved by broadening women’s participation in social and political life. The government seeks to accomplish this through various measures, including: increasing the number of seats held by women in Parliament; increasing the number of female leaders in the top management levels of public administration, economic or social organizations; and reducing the disparity between women and men’s wages. Each of these targets are indicators for monitoring progress.
In February 2006, the Moldova Parliament adopted the Law on Ensuring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men (Law No. 5-XVI from 09.02.2006). The law stipulates the basic notions of gender equality and presents the institutional framework in which the law is to operate. The law does not, however, address enforcement mechanisms and specific programs for ensuring equal opportunities between women and men. Also, the law does not provide clear procedures for submitting and examining gender-based discrimination complaints or for sanctioning reported cases of discrimination, and it does not establish specific budgets for implementation of the law. Finally, the law does not include any reference to violence against women.
To further the implementation of Law No. 5-XVI, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) has established a program to enhance governmental capacities to realize Moldova’s commitment to gender equality. The program is focused on enhancing a) political will for women’s rights and gender equality; b) national capacities and mechanisms for implementation of international commitments to women’s rights and gender equality; c) monitoring and accountability of progress towards gender responsive policies and programs; and d) coordination of all women’s rights and gender equality efforts.
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