Mongolia, population 3 million, is located in Central Asia.

Discrimination against Mongolian women persists in many areas, including political life, the workplace and home. Various laws, such as the Mongolian Constitution, Labour Law, Criminal Code, Civil Code and Family Law, contain provisions to promote gender equality. There are two provisions in the Mongolian Constitution relevant to gender equality. Article 16(11) provides for equal rights among women and men in political, economic, social, cultural and family life. Article 14 of the Constitution prohibits discrimination based on several grounds, including sex. The 1999 Labor Law prohibits discrimination in employment and contains a section addressing maternity rights. Despite provisions such as these, the lack of enforcement mechanisms inhibits the realization of gender equality.

According to the 2003 U.S. State Department Report on Human Rights Practices, there are currently forty women’s rights service and advocacy groups in Mongolia, dealing with issues of maternal and child health, domestic violence and equal opportunity. The National Center Against Violence operates offices in two districts of Ulaanbaatar and eight provinces. However, there is only one small shelter for victims of domestic abuse in the entire country. The Mongolian government does not have a specific agency that oversees women’s rights, but the Ministry of Social Welfare and Labor does contain a Division for Women and Youth Issues.

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