Map source: Net Ministries

Montenegro, population 700,000, is located in Eastern Europe.

Today, young women in Montenegro are educated, talented, emancipated and ready to contribute toward the achievement of a democratic society but still do not have the same opportunities as men. Women’s NGOs and recent institutional mechanisms for gender equality are important factors for improving the situation. In comparison to the situation in the past regarding gender issues, the status of women has changed slightly and shows an improving trend.

The equality of all citizens of Montenegro is assured by the constitution and by-laws. The Constitution of the Republic of Montenegro states that all citizens are free and equal regardless of personal attributes, and everyone is equal before the law (Article 15). Article 17 states that, "Everyone is entitled to an equal protection of his freedoms and rights in the procedure prescribed by law." V

Thus, there are many de jure protections for women, but in practice, many things are very different, and inequality is noticeable. Montenegro is still a patriarchal and traditional society, where women are generally in an unequal, submissive and subordinate position with regard to men. Women constitute more than 50% of the population, but are not represented accordingly on all levels of decision–making. The primary role of women is as caretakers in the family, to raise the children and to do household jobs. The professional engagement of employed women is not a priority, and women’s employment is generally viewed and accepted as additional income for the family budget.

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