Source: Human Rights Watch

Morocco, population 35 million, is located in North Africa.

The Kingdom of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy and is currently ruled by His Majesty King Muhammad VI, who became king following the death of his father, the late King Hassan II, in July 1999. During his rule the state of the law in Morocco has improved substantially in regards to women’s rights. Primarily this reform is found in the 2004 revisions of the family code (also known as the Moudawana). Additionally, in the 2006 Concluding Observations on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Committee praised Morocco for amending the Penal Code in 2003, to criminalize sex tourism, sexual abuse, trafficking in persons and child pornography. Though the King has committed the country to human rights reforms, some of the notable obstacles to preventing and prosecuting acts of violence include: a family law system based on Islamic law that until recently provided more rights in marriage and divorce to men than to women, unwillingness of law enforcement to interfere in disputes considered family matters, a high illiteracy rate in the general population, and distrust of the legal system.

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