National Plan of Action
Beijing_UNIFEM.jpg
Ms. Noeleen Heyzer, Director of UNIFEM, addresses the plenary session of the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China on 8 September 1995. Credit: UN/DPI 082223/M. Grant.

last updated November 2011

According to the UN Development Programme, Moldova has elaborated several national action plans. On 15 January 1998, the government adopted the Primordial Action Plan to Improve the Status of Women and Increase her Role in Society. Its main goals were to develop machinery to facilitate the advancement of women, monitor the status of women, guarantee women's socio-economic rights, protect women's health and family planning, and prevent violence against women. However, the plan was never fully elaborated or implemented due to lack of funding. On 9 November 2001, the Moldovan government adopted a national plan for fighting trafficking in human beings, and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection adopted a program for its implementation on 4 January 2002. On 28 February 2003, the government adopted the National Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality in Society. The primary objectives were to eliminate gender discrimination on the labor market, increase public awareness of gender issues, educate society about gender equality issues, develop machinery in gender equality, protect women's health and combat violence against women, men and children.

Beginning in 1999, the Moldovan Parliament took steps to develop a National Human Rights Action Plan for the years 2004-2008. The overall goal was to promote human rights by identifying priority areas, improving coordination, establishing timelines and allocating responsibilities.  Parliament established a Coordinating Committee to collaborate with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Human Rights Strengthening Programme to create and implement the Plan. It was completed in 2003 and approved by Parliament the same year. In particular, Chapter 11 addressed women’s rights. The first goal was to create equal opportunities for men and women.  To do this, the government of Moldova would promote equal opportunities, eliminate sexism, discrimination and stereotypes, and ensure equal opportunities in the labor market. To meet the second goal of preventing violence against women, the government of Moldova would focus on combating domestic violence. After Parliament asked its partners to help put the plan into action, the UNDP and others organized to launch an implementation plan from 2004-2006. They focused on increasing public awareness, and supporting governmental- and non-governmental units’ abilities to implement the plan.

The UN Country Team (UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, IOM, ILO, IOM, UNCHR, OHCHR) is partnering with relevant Moldovan ministries in order to consolidate and implement human right programs and projects in Moldova. This project was implemented throughout 2011 and aimed to establish a theme of human rights in policy formation and implementation, reinforce the national human rights protection and promotion system, and enhance national awareness of human rights.

The Government of Moldova also has a joint action plan with the European Union covering 2004-2007, created shortly after Moldova joined the EU in 2004. Among several other priorities for action, the EU-Moldova Action Plan includes ensuring social and economic gender equality, ratifying the “Palermo” Convention and its Protocol to combat trafficking in women and children, and combating sexual exploitation and pornography of women and children. The 2011 EU-Moldova Joint Progress Report contains a Justice, Freedom and Security chapter concerning provisional agreements on cooperation on migration, fighting organized crime, and border management; areas that impact trafficking in human beings.

In 2005, Moldova established a National Plan to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Human Beings. The most recent version of the Plan is for the years 2010-2011. The different sections address the plan’s assistance framework, prevention, assistance and protection of victims and witnesses, investigation and prosecution of traffickers, and international collaboration. Each section spells out the strategic objectives and goals, activities, relevant implementation structures, budget, timeline, and expectations for meeting the different sections of the plan.

Compiled from:

A Joint UNCT for Human Rights Protection and Promotion, UNDP Moldova, implemented January 2011 to December 2011 (PDF, 1 page).

EU/Moldova Action Plan, European Union and Government of the Republic of Moldova (2004) (PDF, 46 pages).

Implementation of the National Human Rights Action Plan in the Republic of Moldova, UNDP Moldova (last accessed December 2008) (PDF, 2 pages).

National Human Rights Action Plan of the Republic of Moldova for 2004-2008, Government of the Republic of Moldova, Parliament Resolution No. 415-XV (24 October 2003) (PDF, 68 pages).

National Plan for Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Human Beings, Government of the Republic of Moldova, 2010-2011 (PDF, 22 pages).

National Plan to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Government of the Republic of Moldova, Government Decision No. 903/25.08.2005, entered into force 9 September 2005 (PDF, 27 pages).

Second Joint Progress Report: Negotiations on the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement, European Union, (11 April 2011) (PDF, 3 pages).