last updated October 2008
The Women's Committee of Uzbekistan, created in 1991, developed and adopted the National Plan. In 1995, by Decree by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Women's Committee obtained the status of a government organization. Its goals are to improve the status of women in political decision-making and the economy, to improve women's legal rights, to promote reproductive health and rights, improve environmental policy and develop coalitions with international women's organizations.
The National Action Plan for Improving the Status of Women in Uzbekistan lists the ten priority areas to focus on, including: women's health, economy, violence against women, mass media, education, environment, girls' rights, equal opportunities at decision-making levels, development of NGOs, and peace and security. In addition, the National Action Plan outlines the machinery, funding sources and responsible institutions for implementation, including government bodies, NGOs, IGOs and private companies. Also, a National Platform for Action has been developed, which addresses each of the priorities outlined in the Beijing Platform for Action in the context of women in Uzbekistan. The Expert Group Meeting on Central and Eastern Europe’s Implementation and Monitoring of the Beijing Platform for Action has also published a report describing the situation of women and measures taken to address gender inequality.
Uzbekistan has submitted a response to the questionnaire on the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action. Please click here for the response and scroll down to Uzbekistan (English or Russian, PDF, 46 and 42 pages).
In August 2006 at United Nations Headquarters, Uzbekistan’s National Human Rights Center’s Chairman Akmal Saidov gave a report to the expert Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. The Committee monitors compliance with the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The report, covering 2001-2004, acknowledged that Uzbekistan’s significant internal problems have prevented it from fully complying with the Convention. The Uzbek government has focused on implementing women’s rights and gender equality in its “legislation, institutions, information and education, the Parliament, and international issues.”
The Committee also published Concluding Comments following the report. It supported Uzbekistan’s implementation of the Convention, especially the government’s National Action Plan and new rules for increased women’s participation in political organizations. However, the Committee also had several concerns. To create more legislative reforms regarding equal rights and opportunities, including passing the proposed but stalled Law on Equal Rights on Opportunities, the Committee recommended adopting CEDAW’s definition of discrimination and including CEDAW in the formal legal training of lawyers and judges. To reduce patriarchal attitudes, the Committee recommended educating men and boys, especially community leaders, about CEDAW, and not just women and girls. To address domestic violence and marital rape, the Committee urged the government to criminalize these behaviors, ensure victim protection, and increase victim services. The Committee requested more information about sex segregation and wage disparities in the workforce, as well as sex disparities in land ownership.
United Nations, Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 36th session, Concluding Comments: Uzbekistan (25 August 2006) (PDF, 7 pages) (for Committee information prior to 31 December 2007, please click here.).
United Nations Development Programme, Uzbekistan, Publications, Gender Briefing Kit: National Plan of Action (2004) (last accessed October 2008).
United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, Expert Group Meeting in Romania adopts a Model National Plan for Action for the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (last accessed 28 October 2008).
United Nations Information Service, Press Releases, Economic, Social, Political Problems, Tense Geopolitical Situation in Region Impede Uzbekistan's Implementation of Women's Anti-Discrimination Convention, WOM/1574 (11 August 2006).
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