National Plan of Action
The U.S. government has put into place a variety of spending programs and initiatives to supplement federal laws targeting various forms of VAW. The following is a selection of some prominent programs:
 
·   The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW):  The OVW was created in 1985. It is a part of the DOJ and provides national leadership in developing the nation's capacity to reduce violence against women. The OVW is responsible for implementing VAWA through (i) financial and technical assistance and (ii) developing programs, policies and practices directed to ending violence against women. Among the OVW’s special initiatives are: 
 
 
 
 
Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA):  This law established the Crime Victims Fund to fund services such as forensic sexual assault examinations and compensation claims for both adult and child victims. VOCA funds have helped develop programs to improve forensic examination for sexual assault crimes such as the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program and multi-disciplinary Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART).
 
 
·   VAWA Programs: 
 
Sexual Assault Services Program:  This program is the first federally-funded program dedicated exclusively to sexual assault services.
VAWA requires all states that accept federal grants for combating violence against women to ensure that sexual assault victims receive forensic examinations free of charge, even if the victim chooses not to report the crime to the police.
 
§ Human Trafficking Task Forces Program (2004):  The DOJ’s Office of Justice Programs (OJP) provides and will administer awards under a new grant program that enables states and local law enforcement to work with victim and social services organizations and federal agencies to identify human trafficking victims and prosecute perpetrators of trafficking crimes.
 
§ Justice for All Act:  This act authorizes the federal government to fund efforts by state and local governments to (i) enforce the rights of victims of violence and (ii) provide legal and support services to victims. The act also authorizes training and technical assistance in drafting victims’ rights laws.