Research and Reports on Violence Against Indigenous Women

Jalal, Imrana, “Harmful Practices against Women in Pacific Island Countries: Customary and Conventional Laws,” Expert Paper for the Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation to Address Harmful Practices against Women (2009).

This expert paper discusses harmful practices in the Pacific Islands including “brideprice” (dowries), traditional forgiveness practices that lead to impunity for perpetrators, witch harassment and killings, “payback” or punishment rape, and forced and early marriage.  It also analyzes problems with current laws.

“Pacific Perspectives on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse of Children and Youth,” United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (2009).

The main subject of this report is commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sexual abuse in the Pacific region.  In addition, there is significant discussion of violence against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and harmful practices.

“Maze of Injustice,” Amnesty International (2007).

Sexual assault of Native American and Alaska Native women in the United States is the subject of this report.  The report analyzes underlying causes, problems with the justice system, and issues with access to services.  It gives recommendations for change, including legal reform.

“Maze of Injustice: One Year Update,” Amnesty International (2008).

This follow-up report to “Maze of Injustice” describes the actions taken by the U.S. government since publication of the initial report and the problems that remain unaddressed.

“Portrait of Asian Indigenous Women,” Rights and Democracy (2007).

This publication is a collection of information sheets on the following topics: instruments and systems for the protection of indigenous women’s human rights; indigenous women and the Convention on Biological Diversity; current challenges facing indigenous women, including development and militarization; and progress made.  There is a useful discussion of the ways development and militarization relate to violence against women.

“Mairin Iwanka Raya: Indigenous Women Stand Against Violence,” International Indigenous Women’s Forum (2006).

This companion report to the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Women describes the spectrum of violence faced by indigenous women and provides a framework for understanding this violence from an indigenous women’s perspective.  It also includes good practices related to community-based action and data collection.

Double Discrimination, Rights and Democracy (2006).

This report focuses on indigenous women in the Americas.  It analyzes the intersections of ethnic- and gender-based discrimination and violence that indigenous women face.  Case studies from Mexico, Argentina, Canada, and Colombia are included.

“Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence against Indigenous Women in Canada,” Amnesty International (2004).

This report describes the prevalence of violence against indigenous women in Canada, particularly murders and disappearances suggesting violence.  It examines the factors that have led to high levels of violence against indigenous women and gives recommendations for change.

“How many more sisters and daughters do we have to lose?—Canada’s continued failure to address discrimination and violence against Indigenous women,” Amnesty International (2005).

A follow-up to “Stolen Sisters,” this report describes the actions Canada has taken in response to the report and the problems that remain unaddressed.

Jackson, Dorothy, “Twa Women, Twa Rights in the Great Lakes Region of Africa,” Minority Rights Group International (2003).

Twa women living in Burundi, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda are the subject of this report.  The report details the political and socio-economic marginalization of Twa women.  Domestic violence and violence related to armed conflicts are discussed.

“Indigenous Women,” Indigenous Affairs No. 3, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (2000)

This issue of the publication Indigenous Affairs focuses on indigenous women from all over the world.  Article topics include recent witch harassment and killings in India, military violence against indigenous women in Burma, and the impacts of development on indigenous women in Asia and Africa.