Good practices in legislation on violence against women, Expert group meeting organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2008. (PDF, 76 pages) For the Russian version of the report recommendations, click here.
The purpose of the expert group meeting was to analyze different legislative approaches for addressing violence against women; assess lessons learned and identify good practices in regard to legal reforms on violence against women; and develop a model framework for legislation on violence against women. The outcome of the meeting is intended to assist States and other stakeholders in enhancing existing, and developing new, legislation on violence against women.
Addressing Violence Against Women and Achieving the Millennium Development Goals. World Health Organization Department of Gender, Women and Health (September 2005). (PDF, 51 pages).
This report examines how violence against women impedes development and how the achievement of specific Millennium Development Goals can help prevent violence against women.
The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence, Department Injuries and Violence Prevention, World Health Organization, 2004. (PDF, 70 pages).
This report focuses on the following three areas:
- The economic effects of interpersonal violence in a variety of socioeconomic and cultural settings.
- The economic effects of interventions intended to reduce interpersonal violence.
- The effects of economic conditions and policies on interpersonal violence – with particular reference to poverty, structural adjustment, income equality and social investment.
Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis, UNAIDS/UNFPA/UNIFEM, 2004.
2004 United Nations Population Fund Report on State of World Population, The Cairo Consensus at Ten: Population, Reproductive Health and the Global Effort to End Poverty. (Available in PDF, 124 pages). Also available in Arabic, French, Spanish, Russian.
The report contains section that discusses national legislation on women’s rights and progress made by different countries in that area.
Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective, Summary Record of the 38th Meeting of the Commission on Human Rights (April 2004) (PDF).
This report contains summary of speeches, on the issue of violence against women, made by the leaders of the international organizations working on human rights of women.
Preventing Violence, A Guide to Implementing the Recommendations of the World Report on Violence and Health. World Health Organization, 2004 (Available in PDF, 92 pages).
This report discusses issues on how to collect data, research, promote the primary prevention of interpersonal violence. It provides information on promotion of gender and social equity, on support services for victims and on development of a national plan of action.
Not a Minute More: Ending Violence Against Women, United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), 2003 (PDF, 114 pages).
This report highlights the substantial achievements and advancements in women’s human rights over the past few decades, suggests reasons for the continued pandemic of violence against women, and outlines the next steps in eradicating gender-based violence through collaboration and partnerships.
Domestic Violence Against Women in Albania, UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2003. (PDF, 67 pages).
This qualitative report examines the prevalence of domestic violence in Albania, including forms of domestic violence and complicating factors.
2003 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Developments in the area of violence against women (1994-2002) (E/CN.4/2003/75 and Corr.1) (6 January 2003). (Available in PDF and Word, 24 pages).
Special Rapporteur Radhika Coomaraswamy's final report to the Commission on Human Rights "focuses on developments at the international, regional and national levels aimed at eliminating violence against women since 1994 when the mandate of the Special Rapporteur was created." Paragraph 2. Paragraphs twenty-six through thirty-six discuss domestic violence.
The right of every one to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Report of the Special Rapporteur, Paul Hunt (E/CN.4/2003/58) (13 February 2003). (Available in PDF and Word, 32 pages).
Discusses in paragraph sixty-five the way in which violence compounds women's vulnerability to ill health.
Addendum 1 to the Special Rapporteur's 2003 Report, International, regional and national developments in the area of violence against women 1994-2003 (E/CN.4/2003/75/Add.1) (27 February 2003). (Available in PDF and Word, 434 pages).
Discusses developments in the Asia/Pacific region (including the countries of the former Soviet Union) at pages 165-222 and in the Eastern European region at pages 335-388. Best practices in the field of violence against women are discussed at pages 392-397.
2002 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Cultural Practices in the Family that Are Violence Towards Women (E/CN.4/2002/83) (31 January 2002). (Available in PDF and Word, 39 pages).
Documents cultural practices within the family (i.e., wife burning, honor killings, foot binding, son preference) that constitute violence against women, as well as the ideologies that perpetuate and render invisible these cultural practices. Many of these ideologies—such as the connection between masculinity and violence and the regulation of female sexuality—are also those that perpetuate domestic violence. The Special Rapporteur emphasizes that states "should not invoke any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their obligation to eradicate violence against women and the girl child in the family."
The addendum to the 2002 Report (E/CN.4/2002/83/Add.1) (28 January 2002) (Available in PDF and Word, 41 pages). Contains country information on Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, and Uzbekistan.
In her statement to the Commission on Human Rights on 10 April 2002, as she presented her 2002 report on cultural practices in the family that violate the rights of women, the Special Rapporteur discusses the causes and consequences of violence against women and notes the connection between the use of violence as a means of conflict resolution and high levels of domestic violence.
First World Report on Violence and Health, World Health Organization (2002). (PDF, 372 pages; 54-page summary in PDF, press releases and fact sheets available). Chapter 4 of the First World Report on Violence and Health (pages 87- 121) discusses the scope, dynamics, and health and economic consequences of intimate partner violence, responses to domestic violence (including support for victims, legal remedies, treatment for batterers, health service interventions, and coordinated community responses), and specific recommendations for responding to domestic violence (pages 111-113). The Report concludes with general recommendations for responses to violence at local, national and international levels (pages 241-254).
Report of the Secretary General on the Elimination of all forms of violence against women, including crimes identified in the outcome document of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly entitled "Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century" (A/57/171) (2 July 2002).
Discusses the activities of the Member States and of the United Nations on the issue of violence against women.
World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, World Health Organization (2002).(Available in PDF and Word, 230 pages). An overview is available in Arabic, Chinese, Russian.
This report discusses the most important risks to human health that lead to disability and death. It also shows that if those risks are reduced in the next 20 years there will be less human suffering.
Violence Against Women Perpetrated and/or Condoned by the State During Times of Armed Conflict(E/CN.4/2001/73) (23 January 2001). (Available in PDF and Word, 45 pages).
This report discusses the relationship between violence during war, militarization and violence against women, including domestic violence in refugee camps and the correlation between domestic violence and violence during war.
Review of Reports, Studies and Other Documentation for the Preparatory Committee and the World Conference, Note by the Secretary-General, transmission of contribution by Special Rapporteur Radhika Coomaraswamy to the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance on the subject of race, gender and violence against women (A/CONF.189/PC.3/5) (27 July 2001). (Available in PDF and Word, 64 pages).
In this report to the World Conference on Racism, the Special Rapporteur on Violence describes some of the ways in which race, gender and violence against women intersect. In particular, the Special Rapporteur emphasizes that battered women who belong to marginalized groups often confront additional obstacles, such as language barriers or cultural insensitivity, to protecting themselves from violence.
In April 2001, the Commission on Human Rights issued Resolution 2001/49 in which it, among other things, welcomed the Special Rapporteur's 2001 report, condemned domestic violence and battering as a human rights violation, and urged states to consider signing and ratifying the Optional Protocol to the Women's Convention.
Fact Sheet: Gender and HIV/AIDS, UN Special Session on HIV/AIDS (25-27 June 2001).
Turning the Tide: CEDAW and the Gender Dimensions of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic, United Nations Development Fund for Women (2001).
Chapter 3 discusses gender-based violence and sexual exploitation.
Violence Against Women and HIV/AIDS: Setting the Research Agenda—Meeting Report, World Health Organization (23-25 October 2000). (PDF, 33 pages).
This report discusses how violence can contribute to the vulnerability to HIV infection for women. Forced sex and women’s inability to negotiate the circumstances in which sex takes place increase risk of HIV infection.
State of the World Population 2000: Lives Together, Worlds Apart: Men and Women in a Time of Change, United Nations Population Fund (2000).
Chapter 3: Ending Violence against Women and Girls discusses violence against women, including domestic violence, and the impact of violence on women's reproductive health.
Gender and Racial Discrimination: Report of the Expert Group Meeting, United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations Development Fund for Women, Zagreb, Croatia (21-24 November 2000).
This report emphasizes that while domestic violence is often understood only as a gender issue, for some women, the right to freedom from domestic violence may be compromised by restrictions on their autonomy that are related to their marginalized status.
Building on Achievements: Women's Human Rights Five Years After Beijing, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (May 2000).
Includes section on gender equality and the family.
2000 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Trafficking in Women, Women's Migration and Violence Against Women (E/CN.4/2000/68) (29 February 2000). (Available in PDF and Word, 38 pages).
The Special Rapporteur's 2000 report discusses some of the connections between migration and trafficking in women and domestic violence.
Economic and Social Policy and Its Impact on Violence Against Women (E/CN.4/2000/68/Add.5) (24 February 2000). (Available in PDF and Word, 20 pages).
The Addendum to the Special Rapporteur's 2000 report discusses the connections between economic and social policies and violence against women, including the relationship between housing policies and domestic violence.
Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls, UNICEF, Innocenti Digest, vol. 6 (2000). (PDF, 30 pages).
UNICEF's report discusses the scope and magnitude of the problem, causes and consequences of domestic violence, the socio-economic costs of violence, strategies and interventions, and state obligations with regard to domestic violence.
Addendum to the 1999 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Policies and Practices that Impact Women's Reproductive Rights and Contribute to, Cause or Constitute Violence Against Women (E/CN.4/1999/68/Add.4) (21 January 1999).
The Special Rapporteur discusses the ways in which violence against women contributes to violations of women's reproductive rights by limiting the choices they can make about their health and sexuality. The report emphasizes that "[s]exuality and reproduction is one of the many ways in which batterers seek to exercise power and control over battered women." Battered women are often required to take substantial risks in order to seek reproductive health services or prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Gender and HIV/AIDS: Taking Stock of research and programmes, UNAIDS (UNAIDS/99.16E) (March 1999).
1998 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Alternative Approaches and Ways and Means Within the United Nations System for Improving the Effective Enjoyment of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (E/CN.4/1998/54) (26 January 1998).
In her 1999 report, the Special Rapporteur discusses violence against women during armed conflict, custodial violence against women, and violence against refugee and internally displaced women.
1997 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Alternative Approaches and Ways and Means Within the United Nations System for Improving the Effective Enjoyment of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedomes (E/CN.4/1997/47) (12 February 1997).
In her 1997 report, the Special Rapporteur examines violence in the community, rape and sexual violence against women, trafficking in women, and forced prostitution.
Stop Violence Against Women: Fight Aids, The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS.
1996 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Further Promotion and Encouragement of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (E/CN.4/1996/53) (6 February 1996).
The Special Rapporteur discusses the problem of violence against women in the family, examines this violence as a violation of international human rights law, analyzes reports on state compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, discusses national and model legislation on domestic violence, and offers recommendations on ways to combat and remedy the consequences of violence within the family.
Gender Dimensions of Racial Discrimination, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (PDF, 31 pages).
Includes discussion of the gendered dimension of domestic violence.
Empower Women, Halt HIV/AIDS, UNIFEM.
United Nations' reports on issues concerning women's rights that are issued in the future may be located at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights website, Documents on Women's Rights. This site includes documents produced by the Commission on Human Rights and the Commission on the Status of Women and the Economic and Social Council, many of which are listed in this compilation. A reference number may be necessary to locate a specific document.