Research and Reports


last updated 8 June 2007
Contributed by: Vanja Mikulic and Irena Milatovic, Montenegro National VAW Monitor


Children Speak Out  - Trafficking Risk and Resiliency in Southeast Europe - Montenegro Report 2007,  Itana Kovacevic and Verica Mirovic, Save the Children in Montenegro, Child Trafficking Response Programme Southeast Europe (PDF, 154 pages).
This research was conducted in Montenegro on children without  parental care, the residents of the ''Mladost'' Children's Home, Bijela and children from the biggest Roma refugee settlement, Konik in Podgorica. The research began in March 2006 within the three-year Save the Children Regional Child Trafficking Response Programme, funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and  Oak Foundation, and implemented, besides Montenegro, in six more countries in Southeastern Europe with the aim of providing support to at-risk or trafficked children in Albania, Bosnia and  Herzgovina Bulgaria, Kosovo, Romania and Serbia. The aim of this regional action-participatory research was to obtain detailed information from children about the factors that expose some of them to the risks of trafficking and exploitation, as well as to learn about their strengths and resiliency in unfavourable situations that many of them face. 

Initial Report of Serbia and Montenegro to the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 17 October 2006 (PDF, 144 pages).
The report, submitted as the initial report of Serbia and Montenegro, was received by the Secretariat on 5 May 2006, and in regard to the Convention, it covers Articles 1-16. THe Montenegrin report was prepared by the Governmental Gender office covering the period 1992-2003, and adopted by the Government of Montenegro in June, 2004 (Serbian and English excerpts available).  


2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Montenegro, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 6 March 2007.
Section 5 of the report - Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons discusses issues of domestic violence, rape, prostitution, sexual harassment, gender equality, child abuse, child marriage and child work, as well as Trafficking in Persons.


International Standards on Domestic Violence and Their Implementation in the Western Balkans, Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic and Mirjana Dokmanovic (PDF, 243 pages).
The report summarizes national in-depth studies, and the implementation of international standards in the region, and makes a comparison of the situation in Western Balkan countries. Also, the report highlights examples of good and bad practices in implementing these norms with the aim of combating domestic violence more effectively. This research can be used by the governments in order to become informed and to find out how far they have come in implementing international standards, and to note their overall progress in this area. The report is published in 4 languages: Serbian, Macedonian, Albanian and English, and the authors' commentary/summary in these four languages is available here.



Response of Serbia and Montenegro to the Secretariat's Request for Information Regarding General Assembly Resolution 58/185 (PDF, 7 pages)
In 2004, the U.N. General Assembly adopted a resolution (PDF, 2 pages) requesting that the Secretary-General conduct an in-depth study on all forms of violence against women. The government of Serbia and Montenegro has produced a report detailing the applicable laws and policies related to violence against women in its country.


Nations in Transit 2006, Freedom House, 2006 (Section on Montenegro, (PDF, 20 pages)
Nations in Transit, annually published, is a comprehensive and multidimensional study focusing on 29 countries and administrative areas from Central Europe to Eurasia.

2006 Trafficking in Persons Report, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of State, June 2006 (PDF, 295 pages).
This report is the U.S. State Department’s latest comprehensive report on the status of human trafficking in over 150 countries worldwide. It describes the status of human trafficking in each of the countries and makes recommendations on how countries can combat human trafficking within their own borders. The report is the U.S. Government’s primary diplomatic tool in the effort to end forced labor, sexual exploitation, and modern-day slavery.

2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Montenegro, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 8 March 2006.
Section 5 of the report contains a paragraph on the status of women in Montenegro, and a subsection on trafficking.

Women's Black Chronicle 2005, Lidija Tomasevic, ANIMA Kotor, Bulletin Pressjek 4, 2006.
Women's black chronicle 2005 is an analysis of the ‘black chronicle’ of the daily newspapers, such as “Pobjeda”, “Republika” and “Dan.” The research has been conducted as the final thesis at the Women Studies in Kotor. The analysis covered approximately 330 cases of different types of violence, which have been published in approximately 690 articles during 2005. From this one-year monitoring of the daily press, it can be concluded that after entertainment and spottily pages, women are mostly mentioned in black chronicle, where women present 90% of the victims

Sexuality, ANIMA – Center for Women’s and Peace Education Kotor, 2006 (PDF, 56 pages).
Besides presenting articles of the IPPF Charter on sexual and reproductive rights, this brochure discusses many interesting topics and provides information on sexuality, including violence against women. The donor for this brochure is the Global Fund for Women.

Montenegro Global Media Monitoring Project: National Report 2005, Global Media Monitoring Project, 2005 (PDF, 16 pages)
Montenegro participated in Global media monitoring, the volunteer project conducted in 2005 in 102 states of the world. The NGO ANIMA conducted the research. On this occasion, TV news, 3 daily newspapers and 2-radio news were analysed. An analysis of printed media in Montenegro points out the following:


  • The discriminatory and sexist relations toward women of some printed media, and a misogynistic attitude that looks upon women only as objects;
  • Violence against women is the most visible social problem of women in media. It is written and reported about through NGOs' activities in this field;
  • In the last couple of months, the media has reported on single mothers, also;
  • Journalism is increasingly a female’s profession, but the posts of editors-in-chief still belong to men in printed media;
  • The weekly newspaper “Monitor” is increasingly gender sensitive and uses professions in the female gender. They have the same number of male and female journalists, but the themes are still coloured with “males.” This is possibly due to the fact that almost every state and responsible position in Montenegro is held by men.

SOS Hotlines’ Data Processing for Year 2004 in Montenegro, SOS hotline for Women and Children Victims of Violence-Podgorica (2005) (PDF, 26 pages). 
Analysis and statistical processing of data of the cases by SOS hotlines in 2004 in 9 Montenegrin towns (consisting the Network of SOS Hotlines in Montenegro). Brochure has been published through the project “Help and support to women and children victims of violence.” The donor for this project was the U.S. Consulate in Podgorica.

Shelter for Victims of Trafficking, Montenegrin Women's Lobby, 2005.
This is a reporting of the use of the shelter for vicitms of Trafficking in Montenegro.

WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women, World Health Organization, 2005.
This report surveys 24,000 women in ten countries, including Serbia and Montenegro. Report findings document the prevalence of intimate partner violence and its association with women's physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health. Data is included on non-partner violence, sexual abuse during childhood and forced first sexual experience. Information is also provided on women’s responses: Whom do women turn to and whom do they tell about the violence in their lives? Do they leave or fight back? Which services do they use and what response do they get?  The report concludes with fifteen recommendations to strengthen national commitment and action on violence against women
2005 Trafficking in Persons Report, U.S. Department of State, 3 June 2005.
This report examines a greater number of countries in depth, examining each government’s concrete efforts to prevent human trafficking, prosecute traffickers and protect their victims, and includes a particular focus on combating forced labor slavery and detailing the relationship between sex trafficking and the global spread of HIV/AIDS. Serbia and Montenegro was listed as a Tier Two country (Serbian)
2005 Report to the UN Division for the Advancement of Women. SOS Hotline for Women and Children Victims of Violence Podgorica. 2005.
NGO Report on the status of women in Montenegro.
This research has been conducted by members of NGO Zinec-Anima and presents findings of the research project done from January to June 2003. The project is supported by Foundation Open Society Institute (FOSI) – Montenegro
Violence in Family, Jelena Radulovic, SOS Hotline for Women and Children Victims of Violence-Podgorica, 2003.
This book, entitled “Violence in Family,” by Jelena Radulovic has been published by SOS Hotline for Women and Children Victims of Violence - Podgorica in Podgorica, 2003.
Gender Data for Montenegro, NGO Women Action
The NGO Woman Action has gathered data on the participation of women in all areas and on all levels of life and work. The results of their work were published in a book entitled “Gender data for Montenegro.”
Women's Map of Montenegro, Gender Equality Office of the Government
This book is published by the Gender Equality Office of the Government and presents women who were first in their profession in all spheres of life in Montenegro. The author of the book is Melanija Bulatovic. The preface is available in Serbian and English. For further information about the book you may contact the Gender Equality Office in the Government of Montenegro, tel. +381 81 482 118, e-mail: gender@mn.yu
2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Montenegro, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 28 February 2005.
Section 5 of the report contains a paragraph on the status of women in Montenegro, and a subsection on trafficking.
Human Rights in the OSCE Region: Europe, Central Asia and North America, Report 2004 (Events of 2004), International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 23 June 2004. (PDF, 31 pages).
This report discusses trafficking  and discrimination of minorities in Serbia and Montenegro.
2003 Country Report on Human Rights Practices: Serbia and Montenegro, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 25 February 2004.
This report has sections on the status of women and on trafficking in persons.
Europe, Central Asia, and North America Region. Quarterly Reports on Field Offices, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2003. (26 pages). This report describes the activities undertaken this quarter by OHCHR in Montenegro in regards to women’s rights.

Independent Experts' Report to the Secretaries General of the OSCE and the Council of Europe on their visit to Podgorica (Serbia and Montenegro) from 22 to 24 July 2003, Council of Europe and OSCE, 3 September 2003. (PDF, 19 pages).
This report describes the findings of an independent investigation into the proceedings of a trafficking case. The report describes the handling of the case, conformance of the proceedings with national and international standards and concludes by making recommendations. The Montenegrin government has submitted a response (PDF, 27 pages) to the report.

A Perspective on Women's Human Rights, International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 1 July 2000. (PDF, 9 pages).
This report describes the status of women in the context of laws, law enforcement, media, decision-making and social initiatives.

Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective - Violence Against Women, Addendum 1, Radhika Coomaraswamy, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 27 Feb. 2003. (PDF, 435 pages). 
This report has information regarding the status of women in Serbia and Montenegro. Information on Serbia and Montenegro can be found on page 380.

A Form of Slavery:  Trafficking in Women in OSCE Member States, The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, prepared for the OSCE Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting on Trafficking in Human Beings, Vienna, 19 June 2000. (Available in PDF and HTML, 91 pages).
This report is based on information gathered through questionnaires and contains data on such issues as existing legislation, government policies and NGO initiatives, and victim support services for twenty-nine countries in the CEE and FSU, including Serbia and Montenegro.

Women 2000 - An Investigation into the Status of Women's Rights in Central and South-Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States, International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 5 November 2000. (PDF, 30 pages).
This report describes the situation and legal framework of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, sexual harassment and sexual abuse.

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