Map source: Human Rights Watch

Romania, population 21 million, is located in Eastern Europe.

Article 16 of the Romanian Constitution provides for equality for all citizens before the law and authorities. Article 4(2) states that "Romania is the common and indivisible homeland of all its citizens," without any discrimination on account of several protected grounds, including sex. Article 41(4) also sets out the principle of equal pay for equal work between men and women, and Article 48 establishes equality between spouses in marriage.

In 2000, Romania approved a National Action for Equal Opportunities between women and men (Government Decision No. 1273/2000), which addresses equality in five areas: legislation, social rights, economy, decision-making and public awareness. Legislative objectives relate primarily to harmonizing domestic laws with international law, as envisioned in the Romanian plan for EU accession. With regard to social rights, the plan's objectives include increasing efforts to eradicate gender discrimination in employment and incorporating gender equality in the area of family social protection. The plan recognizes domestic violence and seeks to further prevent and combat this problem. Economic objectives include integrating gender equality in economic policies, engendering workforce strategies and merging family and professional lives through family support programs. In terms of decision-making, the plan seeks to balance gender representation. Finally, the public awareness component will seek to publicize information on gender equality and to eradicate traditional beliefs about women and men’s roles.

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