Source: Human Rights Watch

Turkey, population 72 million, is located in the Middle East.

Gender discrimination and violence against women are a widespread problem throughout Turkey. In a recommendation on Turkey’s accession to the European Union, the European Commission noted that discrimination and violence against women, including honor killings, remains a major problem. Women face setbacks with regard to education, employment and public representation. The illiteracy rate for women in Turkey is nearly twenty percent, while female employment is under thirty percent. In addition, women are poorly represented in the political sector, and only four percent of parliamentary seats are occupied by women (cited in: Lisa Pavan-Wolfe, "Address at Combating Discrimination in the European Union and in Turkey: Legislation, Implementation," Equality Bodies, Ankara, 11-12 October 2004).

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