Map source: Human Rights Watch

Uzbekistan, population 28 million, is located in Central Asia.

Article 18 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan states that all people shall have equal rights and freedoms and be equal before the law without discrimination by sex, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, convictions and individual and social liberties. Article 46 of the Constitution specifically states that women and men shall have equal rights. While the law provides for equality between men and women, women in fact experience widespread discrimination. Refusing to employ a female based on her gender is a crime, but the United Nations Development Programme found that discrimination in the workplace based on age or family status, such as, for example, giving preference to younger women without children, is a common practice. In addition, although Uzbek labor laws provide for equal pay for equal work, as of 2000, Uzbek women's wages were only 67.6% of men’s wages.

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