Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

last updated 24 April 2007

The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP1) entered into force on 23 March 1976. The ICCPR-OP1 provides for a complaint mechanism under which "individuals who claim that any of their rights enumerated in the Covenant have been violated and who have exhausted all available domestic remedies" may file a communication (Art. 2) with the Human Rights Committee. Communications may be filed against states that have ratified both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its Optional Protocol.