Serbia, population 7.5 million, is located in Eastern Europe.

The Republic of Serbia became an independent state in 2006. After the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro created a new state, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which existed from 1992 to 2003, when it was reconstructed as a State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006, Montenegro declared its independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro which resulted in both Montenegro and Serbia becoming independent countries. The Republic of Serbia is the legal successor to all ratified Conventions and Treaties.

The new Constitution takes a conservative political and legal course, and despite its gender-sensitive rhetoric it is difficult to conclude that real progress toward establishing equality and the principle of equal opportunity has been made. "Depoliticized topics" (e.g. family violence, a right to education, possibly even employment) may be the areas in which the state will be making efforts, but it is less likely that in the redistribution of economic, social and political power it will observe guaranteed principles of gender equality. The re-traditionalization of society resulted in the growing influence of the Serbian Orthodox Church on state policy.  There is no public information related to criminal sentences for the criminal act Breach of Equality (Article 128), nor is there reliable and available information on how many women have filed charges or a lawsuit for discrimination, of which kind, in which area and with what outcome. Also, there is no data on discrimination, charges or a lawsuit of women who belong to minority and marginalized groups (such as Roma women, lesbian women, women with disabilities, foreign women and others.) From: Voice of difference from Serbia: Alternative report to the CEDAW Committee, pg. 14 and 15

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