Map source: Human Rights Watch

Slovenia, population 2 million, is located in Central Europe.

Slovenia is generally recognized as one of the more politically and economically stable former Yugoslav republics. Slovenia has been formally invited to join the EU, provided that the country fulfills certain requirements. Slovene domestic legislation must comply with European legislation, which, in part, emphasizes equal opportunity and promotion of women's equal rights.

According to the U.S. Department of State's 2003 Country Report on Human Rights Practices for Slovenia, violence against women is an area of concern and is underreported. Nevertheless, recognition of spousal abuse and violence against women has been growing in recent years. The State provided some funds for three battered women's shelters, which have a total of forty beds. However, numerous women have been turned away due to a lack of space. In cases of reported spousal abuse or violence, the police have actively intervened and prosecuted offenders. According to Women 2000 -An Investigation into the Status of Women's Rights in Central and South-Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States Report on Slovenia, (Women 2000) "[The Slovene Press] tend[s] to present domestic violence as a problem for which both partners are responsible and connect it mostly with alcohol abuse." The Penal Code does not specifically address domestic violence, although it can be prosecuted under provisions that address violence in general. Article 145 states, "Whosoever threatens the safety of another person through serious threat to life or limb shall be liable to a fine or imprisonment of up to one year." Article 146 states, "Whosoever, through maltreatment, affects the physical or mental integrity of another person shall be liable to a fine or imprisonment for up to six months." The victim must file a complaint in order for the prosecutor to initiate proceedings. 

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