The United Nations is a global organization that includes nearly every country in the world. When a country becomes a member of the United Nations, it undertakes the obligations set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, which includes the promotion of women's human rights and fundamental freedoms for women and girls. Inextricably tied to the promotion of human rights is the elimination of violence against women.
The basic human rights to which all people are entitled are contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets forth two broad categories of rights: "civil and political rights" and "economic, social and cultural rights." Civil and political rights include such basic freedoms as the right to liberty and security of person, freedom from torture and degrading treatment and the right to an effective remedy when a human rights violation has occurred. Economic, social and cultural rights include the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to adequate medical care and social services and the right to education. Although it is not a treaty, the Universal Declaration has the force of customary law.
The United Nations system protects human rights through the creation of specific treaties, declarations and resolutions. Many of these basic documents guarantee specific rights to women and girls. The United Nations human rights treaties establish the obligations of the state to enforce these rights.
The human rights treaties of the United Nations also create specific enforcement and monitoring mechanisms through which the UN itself and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) can monitor compliance and individuals can seek redress for human rights violations.
Within the United Nations system, programs, funds, and specialized agencies work to improve the conditions of particular populations and oversee the enforcement of specific rights, such as the right to health, through the World Health Organization, and labor rights, through the International Labor Organization. United Nations' bodies, such as these, work in a number of interrelated fields, often in collaboration with each other, with national governments and with NGOs. These programs, funds and specialized agencies are the mechanisms through which the UN acts to put human rights ideals about protecting women from violence into practice.
Acting Head of UN Women: Decisive National and International Action Needed to End Violence Against Women
Monday, July 08, 2013
United Nations: Promising Data Shows Decrease in Female Genital Mutilation
Friday, March 08, 2013
57th United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
The Advocates for Human Rights Site Map About the Site
330 Second Avenue South, Suite 800, Minneapolis, MN 55401 USA Phone: (612) 341-3302 Fax: (612) 341-2971 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Although Stop Violence Against Women endeavors to provide useful and accurate information, Stop Violence Against Women does not warrant the accuracy of the materials provided. Accordingly, this Web Site and its information are provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular use or purpose, or non-infringement. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may not apply to you. We reserve the right to make improvements and/or changes in the format and/or content of the information contained on the Web Site without notice.This information is provided with the understanding that Stop Violence Against Women and its partners are not engaged in rendering legal or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.
Copyright © 2010 The Advocates for Human Rights. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to use this material for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution to The Advocates for Human Rights.