Fifth Anniversary of Landmark Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security
Wednesday, November 9, 2005 10:55 AM

Since its adoption in October of 2000, Security Council Resolution 1325 has served as a catalyst for women around the world to mobilize their efforts to achieve equal participation. Women at the grassroots level in many conflict-ridden countries have used this resolution as an advocacy tool to lobby for their inclusion in peacebuilding and reconstruction processes in their countries, including in elections and constitution-making bodies.


At the recent World Summit held in September 2005, world leaders reiterated the importance of women's role in peacebuilding and the prevention and resolution of conflict, reaffirming their commitments to full implementation of resolution 1325. They also explicitly condemned "all violations of the human rights of women and girls in situations of armed conflict and the use of sexual exploitation, violence and abuse," and committed to "elaborating and implementing strategies to report on, prevent and punish gender-based violence."


While previous reviews of the level of implementation have revealed progress achieved in a number of areas, these reviews have also clearly shown that much stronger and coordinated efforts are needed to reach full implementation.  The United Nations Security Council recently condemned the continuing sexual abuse and violence against women during war. The Security Council also urged that more women should get the opportunity to participate in peace negotiations and peace-building activities ( 


With the aim of strengthening the commitment and accountability of the United Nations to gender equality, the UN issued a comprehensive plan October 18, 2005, for reinforcing and integrating women's issues into the world body's peacekeeping and post-conflict operations.  The new report, prepared by the Inter-Agency Task Force, tackles the broad application of gender equality as well as the protection of women through all phases of peacekeeping, humanitarian and post-conflict operations. The plan drew on contributions from 37 different UN agencies and provides a blueprint for action to deliver concrete changes in how they conduct their activities in coming years. 


Over the last five years, October has become a month of celebration and commemoration of women's efforts to build peace and resolve conflict, with hundreds of organizations (UNIFEM activities) around the world holding events and activities.


Also during October, a conference, chaired by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and UNIFEM, was held in New York, which brought together more than 40 experts in sexual violence prevention and treatment.  The meeting served as the launch for an agreed set of guidelines  for a coordinated approach to sexual violence prevention and care in emergency settings.


Compiled from:

UNIFEM, accessed November 9, 2005;, October 28, 2005;
Facts and Figures: On Women, Peace and Security, UN Women Watch, October 2005